文章摘要
封 颖.“十四五”及2021—2035年中长期科技发展规划阶段我国科技战略决策视角的研究[J].全球科技经济瞭望,2021,36(8):8~14,19
“十四五”及2021—2035年中长期科技发展规划阶段我国科技战略决策视角的研究
Research Approach on China’s S&T Strategy Decision-making Research During the 14th Five-year and 2021—2035 Mid- & Long-term S&T Development Planning Period
投稿时间:2021-06-14  
DOI:10.3772/j.issn.1009-8623.2021.08.002
中文关键词: 科技战略决策;“从0到1”式科技战略决策;2021—2035年中长期科技发展规划;中美科技;国际科技合作
英文关键词: S&T strategy decision-making; form “from 0 to 1” in S&T strategy decision-making; mid- and long-term S&T planning; China-US S&T; international S&T cooperation
基金项目:2021—2035年国家中长期科技发展规划研究编制项目“‘十四五’科技面临的不同国际情境分析及应对策略研究”(GHZZ2020SSW002)。
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中文摘要:
      在我国科技实力与美国差距甚远阶段,我国科技战略决策的要旨在于追赶,本文界定下的“中美研究视角”已足以发挥所需的追赶功能。但在中美科技竞争日趋激烈阶段,我国科技战略决策的要旨已发生根本性转变,不仅在于短期内的兼顾追赶与引领,更在于中长期内的突破追赶、实现引领。研究人员需要提前谋划、寻找新的研究视角,来帮助决策者冲破长期“追赶型”思维模式下形成的惯性,并进而为我国科技战略决策成功转型,为“引领型”思维模式打下能力基础。本文为处理我国科技战略决策主题补充了认识论视角,指出过往主流研究视角已不能充分回答“‘从0到1’式科技战略决策何以可能”这一中心问题,寻找新的研究视角已成为“十四五”及2021—2035年中长期我国科技战略决策支撑中的当务之急,期许引起科技政策研究界对这一重要课题的深入探究。
英文摘要:
      In the years of lagging far behind US, the keynote of China’s S&T strategic decision-making is to catch up, therefor the specific “China-US research approach”is enough to utilize. But in the forthcoming years of China US S&T competition phrase, the keynote of China’s S&T strategic decision-making will transform utterly. In the short run, we have to balance catching-upand leading; in the long run, we have to be leading. S&T Policy Reseachers have to initiate and seek new research approach to help break catching-up mindset inetia and hence form the capability of leading mindset. This paper points out the mainstream research approach has shown the limitation of fully answered the key issue of “how to form from 0 to 1 in S&T strategy decision-making”, to which this paper contributes a new approach from the epistemological side. The new research approach is one of the key research topics in 14th five-year S&T and 2021-2035 period, for which this paper hopes to stir some disruptive and in-depth research echoes.
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