文章摘要
张 东.美国人工智能研究院研发组织和运营模式研究[J].全球科技经济瞭望,2024,39(3):44~51
美国人工智能研究院研发组织和运营模式研究
R&D Organization and Business Model of U.S. National AI Research Institutes
投稿时间:2023-11-22  
DOI:10.3772/j.issn.1009-8623.2024.03.007
中文关键词: 人工智能;新型研发机构;国家创新体系;运营模式
英文关键词: artificial intelligence; new type of R&D research institutes; national innovation system; business model
基金项目:科学技术部科技专项“国家新一代人工智能发展规划组织实施重大问题研究及支撑体系建设”(102106220420010009027)。
作者单位
张 东  
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中文摘要:
      2020 年以来,美国政府组建系列国家人工智能研究院,其研发组织与运营模式代表了未来新 型研发组织的发展方向。研究定位上,面向研究时间长、前沿交叉学科且需多机构合作完成的人工智 能领域;组织和运营模式上,从组织架构、支持资金、成果转化和决策模式 4 个方面进行了创新。中 国人工智能新型研发机构在实际运行中仍然存在不足,应充分发挥政府统筹协调作用;支持建立开放 协作的产业生态,研发与应用端融合,加快迭代速度;帮助企业培育初期市场,减少企业创新的市场不 确定性。
英文摘要:
      Since 2020, the U.S. government has established a series of national artificial intelligence (AI) research institutes. Its organization and business model represent the future of new type of R&D organizations. The AI institutes are oriented towards those programs that possess long research time, cutting-edge interdisciplinary and multi-institutional cooperation. In terms of organizational and business model, innovation are carried out in four aspects: organizational structure, funding mechanism, technology transfer and decision model. Currently there is still room for improvement for china’s new type of AI R&D institutions, such as the government providing more overall coordination; supporting the establishment of an open and collaborative industrial ecosystem, integrating R&D and application, and speeding up iteration; and helping companies cultivate the initial market and reduce their innovation market uncertainty.
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