文章摘要
韩秋明.美国对华科技的“灰色地带”竞争战略[J].全球科技经济瞭望,2024,(4):38~44
美国对华科技的“灰色地带”竞争战略
“Grey Zone” Competition Strategy of United States Against China’s Technology Development
投稿时间:2023-11-03  
DOI:10.3772/j.issn.1009-8623.2024.04.005
中文关键词: “灰色地带”;“灰色”竞争;中美科技博弈;科技预警
英文关键词: :grey zone; grey competition; Sino-U.S. science and technology game; science and technology early warning
基金项目:
作者单位
韩秋明  
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中文摘要:
      大国之间的“灰色地带”竞争日渐引发智库界、学术界和政策界的高度关注。经分析得出,美国对华科技“灰色地带”竞争存在3个特点,包括选择双方利益和能力不对称的领域作为切入点,违背科研规律和国际规范,呈现出从“I”到“C”再到“O”的渐进性打压路径等。深入探讨美国对华科技“灰色地带”竞争的5个表现,包括控制关键科技产品对中国可用性,在关键地缘政治地点或重点领域开展竞争,在前沿领域展示科技力量,减少中国对关键矿产、海底光缆等重要科技资源的控制权,制造不利于中国科技发展的舆论环境等。最后提出加强科技预警、寻找与美国共同利益点加强合作、利用多边渠道主动发声,塑造有利舆论等思考。
英文摘要:
      The grey zone competition between major powers has increasingly attracted great attention from think tanks, academia and policy makers. This paper summarizes the three characteristics of the grey zone competition in science and technology implemented by the United States against China, including choosing areas where the interests and capabilities of both parties are asymmetrical as the entry point, violating the laws of scientific research and international norms, and showing the progressive containment path from “I” to “C” to “O”. This paper also provides an in-depth analysis of five manifestations of the U.S.’s technological grey zone competition with China, such as controlling the availability of key S&T products to China, competing in key geopolitical locations or key areas, demonstrating technological strength in frontier areas, reducing China’s control over important S&T resources such as key minerals and submarine optical cables, creating public opinion that is not conducive to China’s S&T development, etc. It finally puts forward some thoughts including strengthening scientific and technological early warning, finding common interests with the United States, and using multilateral channels to shape favorable public opinion.
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