文章摘要
王仲成.低碳经济:未来经济发展的新规则 ——英国在金融危机下出台低碳产业战略和低碳复苏计划[J].全球科技经济瞭望,2010,25(2):14~18
低碳经济:未来经济发展的新规则 ——英国在金融危机下出台低碳产业战略和低碳复苏计划
Low-Carbon Economy: the New Commanding Point in Future Economic Development——From Low Carbon Industrial Strategy and Recovery Plan by UK Government in Financial Crisis
投稿时间:2009-05-18  
DOI:10.3372/j.issn.1009-8623.2010.02.002
中文关键词: 低碳产业战略;低碳经济;低碳能源;低碳汽车;能效;金融危机
英文关键词: low carbon industrial strategy;low-carbon economy;low-carbon energy;low-carbon vehicle;energy efficiency;financial crisis
基金项目:
作者单位
王仲成 中国科学院生态环境研究中心 
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中文摘要:
      作为金融危机主要受创国之一,英国一直在寻求经济复苏的途径,以及未来战略产业规划。2009年可看出其调整的一个重要方向,就是将经济复苏与发展低碳产业结合起来。一季度以来,英国政府相继出台了《投资低碳英国》等3项重大低碳战略,把低碳能源、低碳汽车、能效以及低碳基础设施作为未来发展的重要领域,并出台了力度很大的投资计划。计划在2008-2011年3年间累计投资500亿英镑,2009年新年度财政预算将新增14亿英镑,用于支持一些关键性低碳领域等。英国这些措施着意在于布局新一轮世界绿色产业革命的制高点。本文建议:一方面尽快制定我国的低碳经济战略规划;另一方面进一步增强自主创新能力,加强中长期低碳战略技术的储备工作。
英文摘要:
      As a wounded country in financial crisis, UK seeks for a way to recover economy and design the future strategy industrial program all the time. 2009 can be seen as an important orientation of UK to combine the low carbon with economy recovery. Since the first quarter of year 2009, UK has taken a succession of low-carbon strategies including low-carbon industrial strategy and Investing in a Low Carbon Britain and Building a Low-Carbon Recovery, and low-carbon energy, low-carbon vehicle, energy efficiency and low-carbon infrastructure are key fields in the future development. UK has introduced some big investment plans with a huge amount of money of 50 billion pounds in 3 years (2008-2011)and newly increased 1.4 billion pounds budgetary funding in 2009 to support some key low-carbon fields. It is clear that UK will be aiming at dominating the future low-carbon industry from these actions above. The paper suggests our country deliver low-carbon economy strategy plan as soon as possible and strengthen self-renovation ability and reserves of low-carbon strategy technologies in medium and long term.
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