文章摘要
谷峻战.英国可再生能源产业发展现状[J].全球科技经济瞭望,2010,25(4):18~23
英国可再生能源产业发展现状
Development Status of Renewable Energy Industry in Britain
投稿时间:2010-03-02  
DOI:10.3772/j.issn.1009-8623.2010.04.003
中文关键词: 可再生能源;温室气体排放;风能;太阳能;波浪能和潮汐能;生物燃料;地热能;气候变化法案
英文关键词: renewable energy;greenhouse gases emission; wind power; solar power; wave and tide power; biofuel; geothermal; Climate Change Act
基金项目:
作者单位
谷峻战 中国科学技术信息研究所 
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中文摘要:
      英国在发展可再生能源方面具有良好的自然条件,特别在离岸风能及波浪能和潮汐能方面。但英国在开发这一潜力方面做得并不够好,目前,英国来自可再生能源的发电量占其全部用电需求的不足5%,远远落后于世界上一些先进国家。这其中有多方面的原因,如英国的入网电价相对便宜(与欧洲其他国家相比),政府对可再生能源行业的财政补贴较少,以及在批准可再生能源项目方面遇到的延误和障碍较多等等。但是,随着近些年一系列鼓励政策和措施的出台,英国在可再生能源方面会有一个较为光明的前景,从而实现它确保能源安全及减少温室气体排放的双重目标。
英文摘要:
      Britain takes pride in having quite good conditions to source power from its natural renewable resources, especially in wind and marine energy. But it performed relatively poor in releasing this potential,it is now producing electricity from renewable sources less than 5% of the nation’s whole electricity consumption,far behind some European counterparts. This is due to a wide range of reasons, such as cheap grid electricity(compared to other European countries), low financial subsidies from government, and delay or obstacle in planning consent. But with a series of policy instruments including Climate Change Act being in place recently, the United Kingdom will see a brighter future in channeling a growing share of its energy consumption from renewables and achieving its goals both in ensuring energy supply security and mitigating greenhouse gas emissions.
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