文章摘要
冯虎.美国“癌症登月计划”的研究与启示[J].全球科技经济瞭望,2018,(1):34~44
美国“癌症登月计划”的研究与启示
Research on “Cancer Moonshot” Initiative in the US and Its Enlightenment
投稿时间:2017-12-20  
DOI:10.3772/j.issn.1009-8623.2018.01.006
中文关键词: 美国;癌症登月计划;白宫癌症登月计划特别行动小组;蓝带小组
英文关键词: U.S. ; Cancer Moonshot; White House Cancer Moonshot Task Force; Blue Ribbon
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作者单位
冯虎  
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中文摘要:
      2016年1月时任美国总统奥巴马宣布发起“癌症登月计划”,志在举全国之力共同抗击癌症,拟两年投入约10亿美元寻找癌症疗法,实现抗癌研究进展速度翻一番。本文主要介绍了“癌症登月计划”的目标任务、组织形式和机构职责,对该计划通过调动政府部门、科研机构、私营企业、社会组织、公众等多方参与,共同构建起美国癌症研究的投入合作基础、数据源头基础和社会公众基础等特点进行了重点分析。建议我国在国家层面积极部署并整合资源,加强研发布局及产业化,推进癌症数据整合与共享,强化癌症科普与公众参与,提升对儿童癌症的关注度,推动中医治癌取得突破,保持在癌症科学研究和市场等方面的竞争力。
英文摘要:
      In January 2016, U.S. President Barack Obama announced the launch of the “Cancer Moonshot” initiative aiming to bring together the nation’s forces to fight cancer. It is proposed to spend about one billion U.S. dollars in two years to find cancer therapies and to double the progress in anticancer research. This paper mainly introduces the objectives and tasks, organizational forms and institution’s responsibilities of U.S. “Cancer Moonshot” initiative and emphatically analyzes the characteristics of the basis of input and cooperation, the basis of the data source, and the basis of the public for cancer research by mobilizing the participation of government departments, research institutes, private enterprises, social organizations and the public. China should deploy and integrate resources of cancer at the national level, strengthen the R&D layout and industrialization, promote the integration and sharing of cancer data, strengthen knowledge popularization and public participation, raise awareness of children’s cancer, promote breakthroughs in cancer treatment of traditional Chinese medicine, and try to maintain competitiveness in cancer scientific research and market.
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