文章摘要
袁 蓓.澳大利亚海洋科技计划比较分析[J].全球科技经济瞭望,2019,34(2):34~39
澳大利亚海洋科技计划比较分析
Comparison of Two National Marine Science and Technology Plans of Australia
投稿时间:2019-01-06  
DOI:10.3772/j.issn.1009-8623.2019.02.006
中文关键词: 澳大利亚;海洋科技计划;海洋政策
英文关键词: Australia; marine science and technology plan; marine policies
基金项目:海南省软科学重点项目“新时期澳大利亚主要海洋科技政策及对海南的启示”(ZDYF2018196)
作者单位
袁 蓓  
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中文摘要:
      作为重要的海洋国家,至今为止,澳大利亚共颁布了两部国家级海洋科技计划。从计划制定机构、出台背景与制定过程、计划目标、优先支持领域、执行支持5个方面对比前后两部海洋科技计划发现,澳大利亚海洋科技计划发生了诸多变化。发展海洋科技的目标不再局限于认识海洋环境,保护与开发海洋资源,而是以支持国家蓝色经济为核心;科技研究重心也从海洋自然环境领域,向海洋科技在政府、产业及社区中的应用转变;从没有具体化建议与专项资金支持,发展成为了目前的海洋科技具体行动指南。
英文摘要:
      As an important marine country of the world, Australian has released two marine science and technology plans up to now. Comparative analysis reveals that the two plans differ in plan maker background formulating process, goal, priority area and supporting areas. Especifically the aims of the marine science and technology have changed from the investigation of marine environment and the protection of marine resources to the development of national blue economy. The research focus has transferred from the natural environment to the applications of marine science and technology to government, industry and community. In addition, the first plan has no suggestion or fund support, but the second has specific action guide.
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