文章摘要
蔡笑天,杨 洋.我国量子通信产业化的发展趋势及实践思考[J].全球科技经济瞭望,2019,34(4):26~32
我国量子通信产业化的发展趋势及实践思考
The Development Trend and Practice of Quantum Communication Industrialization in China
投稿时间:2019-03-11  修订日期:2019-03-11
DOI:10.3772/j.issn.1009-8623.2019.04.005
中文关键词: 量子通信;产业化;技术生命周期;公共政策
英文关键词: quantum communication; industrialization; technology life cycle; public policy
基金项目:科技创新战略研究专项“以习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想指导我国科技创新重大问题研究”(ZLY201531),“国家创新体系发展趋势、国际经验与模式研究”(ZLY201822);北京市科技计划“北京市军民科技协同创新平台建设与示范运行研究”(Z181100004118003)。
作者单位
蔡笑天  
杨 洋  
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中文摘要:
      《国家中长期科学和技术发展规划纲要(2006—2020)》首次将量子通信研究列入重大科学计划,十八大以来,量子通信更受到政、产、学界的高度关注,取得了一系列技术研发和应用的重大突破。当前,美国、欧盟和中国在量子通信的理论和应用层面各有优势,鉴于量子通信领域对于国防安全的重要性和产业化的高风险,中、美、欧陷入是否推进产业化的“囚徒困境”中,我国将面临创新资源、技术路径选择、市场规则和推广等诸多挑战。针对量子通信的领域特殊性及其产业化进程中面临的挑战,政府需要反思已有的体制机制、管理模式,并主动采取措施,持续加大公共创新资源支持力度,引导民间资本进入,同时为不同技术路径提供公平的市场竞争机会,逐步推广量子通信技术产业化发展。
英文摘要:
      National Medium- and Long-Term Science and Technology Development Plan (2006—2020) for the first time includes quantum communication research in major scientific programs. Quantum communication has attracted a lot of attention from the political, production, and academic circles, and has made a series of major breakthroughs in technology research and application. Currently, the United States, the European Union and China have advantages in the theory and application of quantum communication. Due to the importance of the field of quantum communication for national defense security and the high risk of its industrialization, the three parties are caught in the “Prisoner’s Dilemma” of promoting industrialization. China will face many challenges such as innovation resources, technology path selection, market rules and promotion. The government of China needs to reflect on the existing institutional mechanisms and management models, continue to increase support for public innovation resources and guide private capital to enter. At the same time, it should provide fair market competition opportunities for different technology paths and gradually promote quantum communication technology.
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