文章摘要
陈 钰.从《世界竞争力年鉴2019》看中美竞争力比较[J].全球科技经济瞭望,2019,34(7):47~52
从《世界竞争力年鉴2019》看中美竞争力比较
A Comparative Study of China-US Competitiveness Based on the World Competitiveness Yearbook Report 2019
投稿时间:2019-06-14  修订日期:2019-06-14
DOI:10.3772/j.issn.1009-8623.2019.07.008
中文关键词: 世界竞争力年鉴;国家竞争力;中美比较;科技创新
英文关键词: World Competitiveness Yearbook; national competitiveness; China-US comparison; science, technology and innovation
基金项目:科技部科技统计工作专项“《中国科学技术指标》与统计分析基础性工作”(NSTS201811)。
作者单位
陈 钰  
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中文摘要:
      《世界竞争力年鉴》是比较研究国家竞争力的重要参考信息。最新发布的《世界竞争力年鉴2019》显示,中国综合竞争力与美国差距显著缩小,并且在经济活力、社会结构和技术应用等方面已经取得了一定的优势,但在创新投入、科技服务体系、创新环境等方面还有较大差距,科技创新对国家核心竞争力的支撑和引领作用还相对不足,未来需要持续加大全社会科技创新投入,构建高素质科技人才队伍,加快科技金融体系发展,全面深化科技创新体制改革,优化创新环境。
英文摘要:
      The World Competitiveness Yearbook is important reference information for comparative study of national competitiveness. The newly releasedWorld Competitiveness Yearbook 2019show that the gap between China and US is significantly narrowed. Compared with the US, China has already achieved certain advantages in terms of economic vitality, social structure and technology application, but still lag behind in innovation investments, S&T service system and innovation environment. The support of science, technology and innovation for the country’s core competitiveness is still relatively insufficient. Facing the future, China needs to continuously increase investment in science, technology and innovation, build a team of high-quality scientific and technological talents, accelerate the development of the science and technology financial system, comprehensively deepen the reform of the science and technology innovation system, and optimize the innovation environment.
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