文章摘要
郭 曼.瑞士创新生态系统的核心特征及对我国创新体系建设的启示[J].全球科技经济瞭望,2019,34(8):28~33
瑞士创新生态系统的核心特征及对我国创新体系建设的启示
The Inspiration of Switzerland Innovation Ecosystem’s Core Features for China to Build National Innovation System of China
投稿时间:2019-07-25  修订日期:2019-07-25
DOI:10.3772/j.issn.1009-8623.2019.08.005
中文关键词: 瑞士;创新生态;产学研融合;创新体系
英文关键词: Switzerland; innovation ecosystem; integration of production, study and research; innovation system
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作者单位
郭 曼  
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中文摘要:
      瑞士作为一个国土面积狭小、自然资源匮乏的国家,在创新发展方面却取得了卓越的创新绩效,连续9年在世界知识产权组织发布的全球创新指数中蝉联世界第一。其突出的创新绩效源自其以科研机构、高校、企业、政府和制度文化等为核心的高效协作的优越创新生态。本文从历史、文化、企业、教育政府6个方面总结了瑞士创新生态的主要特征。在此基础上,借鉴瑞士国家创新生态体系的成功经验,提出了进一步完善我国国家创新系统的若干建议。
英文摘要:
      As a country with a small land area and a lack of natural resources, Switzerland has achieved outstanding innovation performance in innovation and development. It has ranked first in the world in the Global Innovation Index released by the World Intellectual Property Organization for nine consecutive years. Its outstanding innovation performance is derived from its superior innovation ecosystem of scientific institutions, universities, enterprises,government and institutional culture, etc. This paper summarizes the main characteristics of Swiss Innovation Ecology from six main aspects: history, culture, government, enterprise and education. On this basis, based on the successful experience of the Swiss National Innovation Ecosystem, some suggestions for upgrading our National Innovation System are proposed.
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