文章摘要
李 昱,王 峥,高 菲.新型研发机构在产学研深度融合中的作用探析——以瑞士比尔创新园为例[J].全球科技经济瞭望,2021,36(1):49~58
新型研发机构在产学研深度融合中的作用探析——以瑞士比尔创新园为例
An Analysis of the Role of New R&D Institutions in the Deep Integration of Industry, University and Research: Taking Switzerland Innovation Park Biel/Bienne as an Example
投稿时间:2020-11-06  
DOI:10.3772/j.issn.1009-8623.2021.01.009
中文关键词: 新型研发机构;瑞士比尔创新园;产学研深度融合;机制创新
英文关键词: new R&D institutions; Switzerland Innovation Park Biel/Bienne; deep integration of industry, university and research; mechanism innovation
基金项目:科技部创新方法工作专项“创新方法在科技成果转移转化中的应用和示范”(2019IM040100);北京市科学技术研究院创新工程“基于区位配置模型的北京城市副中心公共服务布局优化研究”(PXM2020-178222-000002)。
作者单位
李 昱  
王 峥  
高 菲  
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中文摘要:
      长期以来,在传统的科研管理体制的影响下,产学研管理体制不健全、合作行为短期化和形式化等问题严重制约了科技成果转化和产业化的推进。新一轮全球科技革命与产业变革正加速推动“科学”向“技术”转化,对科技治理体系形成一系列新挑战。为了跨越从基础研究到技术创新的“死亡谷”,国外创造性地发展了一批各具特色的新型研发机构,这些机构已经成为产学研用协同创新的重要平台和成果转化的关键支撑。本文剖析了构建新时代产学研深度融合的现实路径,在成功借鉴瑞士比尔创新园全链条创新服务模式经验的基础上,提出推动新型研发机构建设的对策建议。
英文摘要:
      For a long time, under the influence of the traditional scientific research management system, problems such as the inadequacy of the management system of industry-university-research institutes, and the short-termination and formalization of cooperation activities have seriously restricted the transformation and industrialization of scientific and technological achievements. Meanwhile, the main feature of today’s global science and technology revolution is the transformation from “science” to “technology”, which forms a series of new challenges to the science and technology governance system. In order to cross the “valley of death” from fundamental research to technological innovation, foreign countries have creatively developed a number of new research and development institutions with different characteristics, which have become important platforms for collaborative innovation and key support for the transformation of achievements of industry, universities and research institutes. Therefore, this paper analyzes the realistic path to build a new era of in-depth integration of industry-university-research and proposes countermeasures to promote the construction of new R&D institutions based on the successful experience of Switzerland Innovation Park Biel/Bienne’s whole chain innovation service model.
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