文章摘要
刘克佳.美国重大科技计划的验收与评估机制研究[J].全球科技经济瞭望,2021,36(3):27~33
美国重大科技计划的验收与评估机制研究
Research on the Closeout and Evaluation Mechanism of Major Science and Technology Projects in the United States
投稿时间:2020-12-28  
DOI:10.3772/j.issn.1009-8623.2021.03.005
中文关键词: 美国;科技计划;结题验收;评估
英文关键词: the U.S.; science and technology project; closeout; evaluation
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作者单位
刘克佳  
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中文摘要:
      以结题验收和绩效评估为代表的科技计划事后管理对于确保项目成效和改进管理体制具有重要意义。本文分析了美国对重大科技计划进行结题验收的相关政策和措施,认为美国重在事前评议和过程管理,而对结题环节管理相对宽松。但同时为了加强管理和提升效率,美国联邦政府对重大科技计划开展定期绩效评估,从技术、资金、管理等方面进行全方位的审查和提出整改措施,起到了监督作用。
英文摘要:
      The post-management of science and technology projects, represented by the closeout and performance evaluation, is of great significance for ensuring project effectiveness and improving management system. This paper analyzes the policy and practice of closeout of major science and technology projects in the US, and concludes that it emphasizes more on pre-award peer review and process management, while the management of the closeout is relatively loose. But at the same time, in order to strengthen management and improve efficiency, the US federal government carries out regular performance evaluation on major science and technology projects, reviewes technology, funds and management comprehensively, and proposes rectification measures.
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