文章摘要
于巧玲,邓大胜.高校教师科研产出的性别差异与工作时间的中介效应[J].全球科技经济瞭望,2021,36(3):59~67
高校教师科研产出的性别差异与工作时间的中介效应
Gender Difference in Scientific Productivity and Mediation Effect of Working Time among University Faculty
投稿时间:2021-01-05  
DOI:10.3772/j.issn.1009-8623.2021.03.010
中文关键词: 科研产出;性别差异;中介效应;高校教师
英文关键词: scientific productivity; gender difference; mediation effect; university faculty
基金项目:中国科协调宣部资助“第四次全国科技工作者状况调查项目”(DXZ2017101)。
作者单位
于巧玲  
邓大胜  
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中文摘要:
      为验证高校教师的工作时间和科研产出是否存在性别差异,以及探究工作时间与科研产出性别差异之间的关系,利用2017年“第四次全国科技工作者状况调查”的数据,通过Bootstrap法进行研究。分析结果表明:男性高校教师的工作时间和高质量科研产出数量多于女性教师,这种差异在控制了部分变量的情况下仍然存在;工作时间的差异是影响科研产出性别差异的重要因素,也即工作时间在性别与科研产出之间发挥了中介效应;但女性从工作时间中获得的科研产出回报并不低于男性,也即工作时间在性别与科研产出之间不存在调节效应。
英文摘要:
      In order to exam the gender differences in total working hours and scholarly productivity among Chinese university faculty, this paper draws data from “the Fourth National Survey of the S&T Workers” in 2017. Bootstrap method is used to explore the association between working hours and gender disparity in scientific productivity. The results show that male faculty usually have longer working time per week and publish more than female. This disparity still exists after controlling variables such as age, marital status, education, rank and school level. Working time acts as an important structural factor contributing to the gender inequality in scientific productivity, in other words, working time mediates the association between gender and scientific productivity. The return on productivity for female faculty is the same as male faculty, that is, working hours do not play a moderating role between gender and scientific research output.
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