文章摘要
王开阳,徐 峰.二战后主要国家科技创新发展模式比较及我国发展对策[J].全球科技经济瞭望,2021,36(4):1~8,20
二战后主要国家科技创新发展模式比较及我国发展对策
Comparison of Science and Technology Innovation Development Modes of Major Countries After World War II and China's Development Strategies
投稿时间:2021-02-01  
DOI:10.3772/j.issn.1009-8623.2021.04.001
中文关键词: 科技创新;发展模式;科技政策;国际比较;文献研究
英文关键词: S&T innovation; development patterns; S&T policy; international comparisons; literature studies
基金项目:科技部创新战略研究专项“全球科技创新趋势研判及潜在风险防范策略研究”(ZLY201916)。
作者单位
王开阳  
徐 峰  
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中文摘要:
      本文通过剖析二战后主要国家科技创新发展模式以及政府政策在其中发挥的作用,为我国“十四五”时期及中长期科技发展提供有价值的经验总结。从已有文献出发,本文通过比较具有代表性的三组国家科技发展的模式和转变,得出结论:(1)构建高效率国家创新体系的关键是推动创新链深度融合,特别要实现军民高水平融合;(2)政府需要通过足够多的公共研发投入等方式,确保引领科技创新总体方向;(3)政府需要根据环境变化及时调整模式。
英文摘要:
      This paper analyzes the development models of science and technology innovation in major countries after World War II and the roles played by government policies, and provides valuable experience for China’s science and technology development in the “14th Five-Year Plan” period and in the medium and long term. Based on the existing literature, by comparing the models and transformation of S&T development in three representative groups of countries, it is concluded that: (1) The key to build an efficient national innovation system is to promote the deep integration of the innovation chain, especially to achieve a high level of military-civilian integration; (2) The government needs to ensure that it leads the overall direction of S&T innovation through adequate public R&D investment; (3) The government needs to adjust its model in a timely manner in response to changes in the environment.
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