文章摘要
郭 栋,高昌林.巴西国家科技创新体制机制概况、特点和趋势[J].全球科技经济瞭望,2021,36(6):1~6,12
巴西国家科技创新体制机制概况、特点和趋势
The Evolution, Characteristics and Development of Brazilian National Science, Technology and Innovation System
投稿时间:2021-03-19  
DOI:10.3772/j.issn.1009-8623.2021.06.001
中文关键词: 巴西;国家科技创新体系;资助机制;创新创业;科技外交
英文关键词: Brazil; national science and technology innovation system; funding mechanism; innovation and entrepreneurship; science and technology diplomacy
基金项目:
作者单位
郭 栋  
高昌林  
摘要点击次数: 304
全文下载次数: 240
中文摘要:
      本文从巴西科技创新体系发展的沿革、组成与结构、运行机制等角度介绍了巴西国家科技创新体制机制概况;综合归纳出巴西国家科技创新体制机制五个方面的主要特点,即全链条多层次的政府资助体系、稳定支持科研创新的资助机制、服务国家目标的国立科研机构、支持小微企业创新创业的服务举措、积极参与国际合作的科技外交;系统分析了巴西国家科技创新体制机制存在的主要问题以及新的发展趋势。
英文摘要:
      This paper introduces Brazil’s national science, technology and innovation (STI) system and mechanism from the perspectives of the development of Brazil’s STI system, composition and structure, and operation mechanism. The paper comprehensively summarizes five main characteristics of Brazil’s national STI system and mechanism: the full-chain and multi-level government funding system, stable funding mechanism to support scientific research and innovation, national scientific research institutions for fulfilling national goals, service initiatives to support small and micro enterprises’ innovation and entrepreneurship, and active participation in international cooperation through science and technology diplomacy. Then the paper systematically analyzes the existing main issues of Brazil’s STI system and mechanism and their new development trends.
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