文章摘要
徐海龙,陈 志.全球自动驾驶产业创新政策趋势及思考[J].全球科技经济瞭望,2021,36(6):7~12
全球自动驾驶产业创新政策趋势及思考
Some Thoughts on the Trend of Global Autonomous Driving Industry Innovation Policy
投稿时间:2021-04-05  
DOI:10.3772/j.issn.1009-8623.2021.06.002
中文关键词: 自动驾驶;创新政策;智能汽车
英文关键词: autonomous driving; innovation policy; intelligent vehicle
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作者单位
徐海龙  
陈 志  
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中文摘要:
      新一轮产业变革中,自动驾驶产业被各国所重视,各国纷纷通过立法、出台政策的方式予以支持和规制,其中发展战略、安全标准、责任和伦理、网络安全和隐私保护成为自动驾驶政策关注的焦点;准入机制、项目示范、场地和资金支持以及强化监管成为普遍的政策工具。我国自动驾驶产业发展在政策协调机制、战略制定、网络和数据安全、责任归属和伦理以及道路测试规范等方面政策存在不足。建议优化政策制定机制和政策范式,完善测试评价体系,加快测试场、示范区建设和技术迭代,强化风险评估和保险体系作用,推行跨地区测试的准入互认机制等政策措施,提升我国自动驾驶产业全球竞争力。
英文摘要:
      In the new round of industrial reform, autonomous driving industry has been paid attention to by various countries, and has been supported and regulated by legislation and policies. Development strategy, security standards, responsibility and ethics, network security and privacy protection have been given great attention in autonomous driving policy making. Access mechanism, project demonstration, site and financial support, as well as strengthening supervision have become common policy tools. There are some deficiencies in the policy coordination mechanism, strategy formulation, network and data security, responsibility attribution and ethics, and road test specifications in the development of China’s automatic driving industry. By optimizing the policy-making mechanism and policy paradigm, establishing a complete and unified test and evaluation system, speeding up the construction of test field and demonstration area and technical iteration, strengthening the role of risk assessment and insurance system, and promoting the mutual recognition mechanism of cross regional test, etc., the global competitiveness of China’s automatic driving industry can be enhanced.
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