文章摘要
马梧桐,张闪闪.中美科学基金项目对比分析——以NSFC和NSF为例[J].全球科技经济瞭望,2021,36(6):60~72
中美科学基金项目对比分析——以NSFC和NSF为例
Comparative Analysis of China and US Science Foundation Projects: Taking NSFC and NSF as Examples
投稿时间:2021-03-06  
DOI:10.3772/j.issn.1009-8623.2021.06.009
中文关键词: 中国国家自然科学基金;美国国家科学基金;科学基金
英文关键词: National Natural Science Foundation of China; National Science Foundation; science foundation
基金项目:
作者单位
马梧桐  
张闪闪  
摘要点击次数: 916
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中文摘要:
      基金机构资助的重点代表着该领域内重点发展的方向,分析基金机构在基础研究领域的资助情况,有助于了解目前的国家科研资助的重心。本文采用情报研究的方法,对2000—2019年间中国国家自然科学基金、美国国家科学基金项目数据的整体情况、承担机构等进行比较研究,揭示中美两国科研项目布局的差异,旨在为我国十四五期间开展科技研发布局、资源配置、创新管理等提供决策参考。
英文摘要:
      The focus of funding by funding agencies represents the direction of development in the field. Analyzing the funding of basic research by funding agencies will help understand the focus of their current national research funding. This paper adopts the method of intelligence research to compare the overall situation and undertaking institutions of the National Natural Science Foundation of China and the National Science Foundation of the United States from 2000 to 2019, revealing the differences in the layout of scientific research projects between China and the United States, and aims to provide decision-making reference for China’s scientific and technological R&D layout, resource allocation and innovation management during the 14th Five-Year Plan period.
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