文章摘要
李 备,乌云其其格.全球科技人力资源发展的特点与趋势[J].全球科技经济瞭望,2019,34(6):42~52
全球科技人力资源发展的特点与趋势
The Characteristics and Trends of the Development of Global Science and Technology Human Resources
投稿时间:2019-05-22  
DOI:
中文关键词: STEM教育;科技人力资源;研究人员;性别鸿沟中
英文关键词: STEM education; S&T human resources; researcher; gender gap
基金项目:
作者单位
李 备  
乌云其其格  
摘要点击次数: 1125
全文下载次数: 789
中文摘要:
      本文通过收集大量的数据,展现了当前全球科技人力资源的发展特点及人力资源不断充实、积极流动、研究人员向企业逐渐转移的趋势。总体来说,由于 STEM学科是创新的源泉,许多国家对于 STEM教育给予极大的关注,因此当前全球科技人力资源储备不断得到丰富;由于全球人才竞争激烈,因此科技人力资源的国际流动也更加积极,一些新的留学中心随之兴起;在激烈的国际人才竞争中,受过高等教育、具有高度技能的人才仍旧是全球争夺的焦点,大国间的科学家流动更为积极;随着发达国家人口逐渐趋于老龄化,各国研究人员开始逐渐向企业转移;促进更多的女性进入科学界虽然受到很多国家的关注,但是女性研究人员的职业天花板也仍然存在。
英文摘要:
      By collecting a large number of data, this paper shows the development characteristics and trends of global human resources in science and technology. Generally speaking, because STEM discipline is the source of innovation, many countries pay great attention to STEM education, which makes the global reserve of scientific and technological human resources constantly enriched. Because of the fierce global talent competition, the international flow of scientific and technological human resources is also more active, and some new study centers are emerging. In the fierce international talent competition, the transfer of highly educated and skilled talents is the focus of global competition, and the flow of scientists among large countries is more active; with the aging of population in developed countries, researchers in various countries begin to shift to enterprises gradually. Although it is paid great attention by many countries to promote more women to enter science, the professional ceiling of female researchers still exists.
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