文章摘要
汪新华,刘 娅,滕 立.基于专利的中日机器人领域发展现状对比分析[J].全球科技经济瞭望,2019,34(8):50~59
基于专利的中日机器人领域发展现状对比分析
Development Status of Robotics in China and Japan Based on Patents Comparative Analysis
投稿时间:2019-07-26  修订日期:2019-07-26
DOI:10.3772/j.issn.1009-8623.2019.08.008
中文关键词: 机器人;专利;创新主体;知识交流;技术领域
英文关键词: robot; patent; innovation subject; knowledge exchange; technical field
基金项目:
作者单位
汪新华  
刘 娅  
滕 立  
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中文摘要:
      对2014—2018年中国和日本有关机器人的专利数据进行专利计量分析,研究结果表明,中国机器人产业与日本相比仍然处于产业发展初期阶段,虽然专利量远高于日本,但是高价值专利占比少且有进一步下降的趋势,产业内部专利集中度不高,可能会在产业发展过程中形成阻力。中日两国都以企业为创新主体,高校/科研机构在中国机器人产业创新中所占权重远高于日本,但是与日本同样面临着如何提升产学研合作的问题。中国机器人技术领域基本覆盖了产业中的主要技术领域,与日本相比在技术深度与广度方面还有待提高。最后对中国机器人产业存在的问题提出了相应的建议。
英文摘要:
      The patent measurement analysis of the patent data of robots in China and Japan in 2014-2018 shows that the Chinese robot industry is still in the early stage of industrial development compared with Japan. Although the patent volume is much higher than that of Japan, the proportion of high-value patents is small and there is a trend of further decline.The concentration of patents within the industry is not high, which may form resistance in the process of industrial development. Both China and Japan regard enterprises as the mainstay of innovation. Universities/scientific institutions have a much higher weight in China’s robot industry innovation than in Japan, but they are also faced with the problem of how to improve the cooperation of industry, universities and research institutes. China’s robotics technology has basically covered the main technical fields in the industry, and there is still room for improvement in terms of technology depth and breadth compared with Japan. Finally, the corresponding suggestions for solving the problems in Chinese robot industry are put forward.
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