文章摘要
朱焕焕.日本国有科研机构独立法人化改革经验对中国的启示[J].全球科技经济瞭望,2021,36(5):42~47
日本国有科研机构独立法人化改革经验对中国的启示
Enlightenment from .the Independent Legal Personalization Reform of Japan's State-owned Scientific Research Institutions
投稿时间:2021-02-21  
DOI:10.3772/j.issn.1009-8623.2021.05.006
中文关键词: 国家战略科技力量;国有科研机构改革;简政放权;日本国立研究开发法人制度
英文关键词: national strategic scientific and technological force; reform of state-owned scientific research institutions; streamlining administration and delegating power; Japan's national research and development legal person system
基金项目:科技部战略研究专项“大中小企业融通创新发展研究(ZLY2020029)”、“战略性新兴产业创新政策研究(ZLY2020034)”、“科技支撑产业基础高级化和产业链现代化攻坚研究(ZLY2020033)”
作者单位
朱焕焕  
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中文摘要:
      我国国有科研机构受到行政垄断地位和科研自主权、人事自主权等方面的束缚,以至于创新动力不足,创新积极性难以充分释放。日本国有科研机构通过实行独立法人化管理、建立中长期稳定的财政经费支持机制、实行中长期目标管理和成果导向的绩效评价制度等一系列改革举措,极大地激发了日本国有科研机构创新活力和创新积极性,为促进我国国有科研机构改革提供经验借鉴。
英文摘要:
      China’s state-owned scientific research institutions are subject to the shackles of administrative monopoly, research autonomy, personnel autonomy and other aspects, so they are lack of innovation motivation, and their innovation enthusiasm is difficult to be fully released. Japan’s state-owned scientific research institutions have implemented independent legal management and established a medium- and long-term mechanism to support fiscal expenditure. A series of reform measures, including the implementation of medium- and long-term goal management and results-oriented performance evaluation system, have greatly stimulated the innovation vitality and enthusiasm of Japan’s state-owned scientific research institutions, and provided experience for the reform of China’s state-owned scientific research institutions.
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